design bureau is known for its bomber and commercial aircraft.
Its most famous aircraft are the ANT-20 "Maxim Gorky", the
Tu-95 "Bear" turbo-prop intercontinental bomber and the
Tu-144 supersonic transport.
Note: Following the Soviet method of
designating aircraft, Tupolev was a
design bureau and not a manufacturer of aircraft. The Russian
aircraft industry is in the process of adapting itself to the new
economy by integrating design bureaus and production facilities.
Nickolayevich Tupolev chairs the newly formed Commission on the
Construction of Metallic Airplanes.
1936: The commission is recognized as a
design bureau and formally established as such.
1990s: Tupolev makes the transition from
design bureau to joint-stock company becoming the Tupolev
Scientific and Technological Aviation Complex (Tupolev ANTK) or
ANTK Tupolev or AO ANTK Tupolev.